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Rhombic Dissection of Dodecagons

Part 1: Regular Dodecagons

Regular Dodecagons are 12-sided polygons with interior angles of 150° and exterior angles of 30°. In this activity, we are going to create regular dodecagons by using rhombuses.

Try it out! Can you use the 3 different rhombuses on the canvas below to fill up the dodecagon? Copy the shapes as needed.

For the dodecagons you have created:

  • How many total rhombuses did you use? (Recall that all shapes above are rhombuses)
  • How many of them were also squares? parallelograms?
  • What are the angles of the different rhombuses you used?
  • Measure the interior angles of rhombuses. Think about the different ways that they can come together to create each interior angle of the dodecagon

Part 2: The smallest number of rhombuses

What is the smallest number of rhombuses you can use to create a dodecagon? The dodecagon will be smaller than the one you made above

Compare the dodecagon designs that you can create with the minimum number of rhombuses:

  • How many tiles did you use in each?
  • How many possible arrangements are there?

Solution

When using 15 quadrilaterals, there are 11 ways to create a regular dodecagon:

Extensions

  • Explore the different decompositions of 4 -24 sided polygons